The northern goshawk
Prey includes small to medium mammals and birds, hunted from a hidden perch or on patrol flights from forest edges.
The Northern goshawk is considered an “indicator species,” meaning that changes in its population can mean changes in overall habitat. In 1982, the Southwestern region of the Forest Service designated the raptor a “sensitive species” on all Forest Service lands in Arizona and New Mexico. The service’s obligations toward a “sensitive species” aren’t clearly defined, other than to give consideration to the species in its management plans.
In the early 1990s, enviornmental groups in the Southwest petitioned to have the Northern Goshawk listed as endangered, but the petition was denied on the basis that those goshawks didn’t form a distinctive population.
In 1992, the species was given status as a candidate for future listing, based on indications of vulnerability.